THE NATIONAL HORSE OF MEXICO
The Azteca is a young phenotype breed developed in Mexico during the 1970's when several of the country's distinguished horse breeders, government officials, veterinarians and genetic experts worked together to realize their dream of creating Mexico's first native equine breed. They had in mind a horse resembling the Mexican Criollo of Spanish descent which played a rich part in the country's history though not native and nearly extinct today.
Early on Quarter Horses and a few select Mexican Criollo mares were crossed with Andalusian stallions by numerous ranch owners. Soon the Mexican Association of Azteca Horse Breeders was established. *In 1982, after having approved the crossbreedings that took place at stud farms belonging to the Mexican Azteca Association, the association was awarded, by way of the government's Secretary of Agriculture and Livestock, official Patent Number 3585-RP and the official Azteca Studbook was initiated.
Basically, the Mexican Azteca Crossbreeding Chart allows Andalusian, Lusitano and Quarter Horses to be crossed as long as there are no more than 3/4's and no less than 3/8's of either foundation breeds in the offspring. The end result of the crossbreeding chart is to reach the Azteca "A" level which takes at least 3 generations. The Azteca "A" horse can be no more than 5/8's and no less than 3/8's Andalusian, Lusitano or Quarter Horse.
In Mexico, Aztecas to be used for breeding must pass two phenotype inspections (six month old foal at dam's side and a final inspection at 3 years of age).
The versatile Azteca possesses many favorable characteristics including elegance, nobility, boldness, intelligence, willingness, agility, cow sense, power and strong backs which round easily giving an ease of hindquarter engagement. A correctly conformed Azteca is a very functional horse well suited for most of the popular equine disciplines of the day.
*For more information on the Azteca horse, I suggest a beautiful, informative new book recently published by the Mexican Azteca Association entitled "El Caballo Azteca". More information on the book can be found at Conquistador.com.
Caballo Azteca - Proudly Mexicano