of field guides will help you get started with the local
flora. No one guide provides full coverage; gaps often
include introduced species, and species with more southerly
or northerly distributions where this area falls at
the edge of their range. Most of these books are still
in print and can be located by your local bookseller
or through internet book companies. Among them, most
of the plants seen on the Columbia Coast can be identified.
At the top
of my stack of most used field guides is Pojar &
MacKinnons Plants of the Pacific Northwest
Coast: Washington, Oregon, British Columbia and Alaska.
This guide has range maps, photos, line drawings and
clear descriptions of featured plants and closely related
species, and covers about 70% of the local flora quite
plants, Sarah Cookes A field guide to the common
wetland plants of Western Washington & Northwest
Oregon is recommended. It has line drawings and
good descriptions, though the range maps, counties where
herbarium specimens were gathered, falls a bit short
of actual distributions. A companion volume to this
book is Jennifer Guards Wetland Plants of Oregon
and Washington, which is well illustrated though more
focused on Willamette Valley wetlands than other areas.
beaches and dunes, look for two books, Al Weidemann
et al, Plants of the Oregon Coastal Dunes, and
Philip Munzs Shore Wildflowers of California,
Oregon and Washington.
new Flora of Oregon is released, the next stop
in plant identification for the Columbia Coast is Hitchcock
& Cronquists Flora of the Pacific Northwest,
with detailed technical descriptions, condensed keys
and some illustrations. Look for the set by Hitchcock
et al, Vascular Plants of the Pacific Northwest,
in five volumes, for illustrations of all species and
expanded descriptions as of the 1960s. As volumes of
The Flora of North America are released, these
provide more current taxonomic guidance and descriptions,
as does The Jepson Manual, which focuses on California.
Nelsa, Schreiner, Edward G., Kaye, Thomas N., Burger,
Janis E., Tisch, Edward L. 1995. Flora of the Olympic
Peninsula. Northwest Interpretive Association, Seattle,
Washington. 199 pp.
C.T. 1997. The summit vegetation of Saddle Mountain,
Oregon Coast Range. Ms thesis, Portland State University.
C.T. 1999. Historical flora of Saddle Mountain,
Cumtux, Clatsop County Historical Society, Winter
1999, 19(1): 34-46.
1999. New name for Himalayan blackberry.
Douglasia, Summer-Fall 1999, 23(3-4): 16-17.
Chambers, Kenton L. 1973. Floristic relationships
of Onion Peak with Saddle Mountain, Clatsop County,
Oregon. Madroño 22(3): 105-114.
1974. Notes on the flora of Clatsop County, Oregon.
Madroño 22: 278-279.
and Frenkel, Robert. 1987. The Nature Conservancy
Field Trip: Saddle Mountain. June 27, 1987. Unpublished.
2000 Oregon Delphiniums - Part II, Oregon
Flora Newsletter, October 2000, Volume 6 (3):18-19.
2000. Field trip to Saddle Mountain, Oregon, August
10, 2000. unpublished, 12 pp.
John A. 2004. Native Freshwater Wetland Plant Associations
of Northwestern Oregon. Oregon Natural Heritage Information
Center, Oregon State University. 246 pp.
John A. & Judy A. Putera. 1993. Lower Columbia
River Natural Area Inventory. Report to the Nature
Conservancy, February 3, 1993, Washington Field Office,
Seattle. 75 pp.
John, Kagan, James S., and Wiedemann, Alfred. 1998.
Plant associations of the Oregon Dunes National Recreational
Area, Siuslaw National Forest, Oregon. U.S. Dept.
Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Region,
Technical Paper R6-NR-ECOLTP- 09-98. 183 pp.
S, editor. 1997. A field guide to the common wetland
plants of Western Washington & Northwest Oregon.
Seattle Audubon Society, Trailside Series.417 pp.
Donald C. 1990. Rare and Endangered Plants of Oregon.
Beautiful America Publishing Company, Wilsonville, Oregon.
and Meinke, Robert J. 1999. Castilleja chambersii
(Scrophulariaceae), a new rare species from the northern
Coast Range of Oregon, Brittonia 51(4):
J. and Dyrness, C.T. 1988. Natural vegetation of
Oregon and Washington. Oregon State University Press,
Corvallis, Oregon. 452 pp.
M.L., editor. 1950. Grays Manual of Botany.
American Book Co. 8th edition. 1632 pp. Flora of North
America Editorial Committee, editor. Flora of North
America north of Mexico. Oxford University Press, in
Jennifer. 1995. Wetland Plants of Oregon and Washington.
Lone Pine Press, Edmonton, Alberta, Vancouver, British
Columbia and Redmond, Washington. 240 pp.
James (editor). 1993. The Jepson Manual: Higher plants
of California. University of California Press, Berkeley
and Los Angeles, California. 1399 pp.
A.S. 1935. Manual of the Grasses of the United States.
U.S. Goverment Printing Office, Miscellaneous Publication
#200. 1040 pp.
C. Leo, Cronquist, Arthur, Ownbey, Marion, & Thompson,
J.W. 1969. Vascular Plants of the Pacific Northwest.
University of Washington Press, Seattle, Washington.
In five volumes.
C. Leo & Cronquist, Arthur. 1973. Flora of the
Pacific Northwest. University of Washington Press,
Seattle, Washington. 730 pp.
1994. Preliminary Classification of Native, Low Elevation,
Freshwater Wetland Vegetation in Western Washington.
Washington Natural Heritage Program, Department of Natural
Resources, Olympia, WA. 120 pp.
Cathy. 1991. Vascular flora of the Willapa Hills
and Lower Columbia River area of Southwest Washington.
pages 27-76 IN Douglasia Occasional Papers, Washington
Native Plant Society, Vol 4.
& Diaz, N. 2002. Field Guide to the Forested Plant
Associations of the Northern Oregon Coast Range. USDA
Forest Service Technical Paper R6-NR-ECOL-TP-02-02.
A. 1964. Shore Wildflowers of California, Oregon and
Washington. University of California Press, 122 pages.
& MacKinnon, Andy (editors). 1994. Plants of
the Pacific Northwest Coast: Washington, Oregon, British
Columbia and Alaska. Lone Pine Press, Edmonton,
Alberta, Vancouver, British Columbia and Redmond, Washington.
& Linsenmeyer, Chuck. 1994. Upper South Fork Ellis
Creek Plant List. Unpublished.
1984. Description of the Plant Communities and Succession
of the Oregon Coast Grasslands. Oregon State University
Ph.D. dissertation. 234 pp.
W. 1984. The vascular flora of the Columbia River
Estuary, Wasmann Journal of Botany, Volume
42 (1-2): 92-106.
Natural Heritage Program. 1994. Endangered, threatened
and sensitive vascular plants of Washington. Washington
Department of Natural Resouces, Olympia. 52 pp.
A M, Dennis, LRJ, & Smith, FH. 1999. Plants of the
Oregon Coastal Dunes. Oregon State University Press,
R. Brainerd, M. Huso, K. Kuykendall, D. Lytjen, B.Newhouse,
N.Otting, S. Sundberg & P. Zika. 1999. Atlas
of Oregon Carex. Native Plant Society of
Oregon, Occasional Paper No. 1. Corvallis, Oregon. 29
2000 Unexpected rushes in Oregons cranberry
fields. Oregon Flora Newsletter, February
2000, Volume 6(1):3.
2000 Cranberries and the Clusiaceae. Douglasia,
Spring 2000, Volume 24(2): 7-11.